One of the best things about being a grandparent is witnessing the close and affectionate relationships that develop between many cousins. The flip side of cousin love, however, is cousin rivalry. Competition between cousins can be every bit as intense and bitter as sibling rivalry. And chances are, grandparents, that it will occur on your watch.
Why Does Cousin Rivalry Occur?
All the triggers commonly seen in sibling rivalry can also operate to spark a royal case of cousin rivalry. Jealousy is, of course, the major triggering factor. Cousins are more likely to be jealous of each other if they are close together in age and the same gender. Family dynamics also play a role. Sibling/cousin rivalry is sometimes seen as a cry for attention from a child who, for whatever reason, isn't getting as much as he or she needs, but sometimes the situation is quite the contrary. A only child or the baby of a family may not be used to competition at home, but being thrown in with a whole group of cousins at a grandparents' house is quite a different story. Grandparents who are hosting Grandma Camp are practically guaranteed to have to deal with some outbreaks of cousin rivalry.
Children can exhibit cousin rivalry at all ages and stages. Sibling rivalry reaches its most intense level between 8 and 12, and the same is typically true of cousin rivalry. During this 8-12 window, children are likely to engage in physical contact, and they are strong enough to hurt each other. That means that grandparents are likely to have to intervene sometimes.
You may be able to avoid cousin rivalry by avoiding situations that encourage competition, but that means dispensing with most games and sports activities. For many families, that is too high a price to pay for family harmony. What you may be able to do instead:
- Equalize competition whenever possible. There's nothing wrong with giving a younger child an extra swing at the ball, for example. And if the younger child then defeats an older child, the older child will at least know that the younger child was given an advantage.
- Emphasize the fun of the activity more than who wins. This is a great idea, certainly, but the kids are still going to know who the winners are.
- Avoid activities in which one child has a huge advantage.
- Introduce elements of luck whenever feasible, even into sports.
- Avoid praising the winner and razzing the loser. There will be plenty of time for such good-natured teasing when the grandkids are more mature.
Having a Game Plan
When avoidance techniques don't work, grandparents need to have a plan for dealing with cousin conflicts. It's best if they have developed their strategies in conjunction with the parents, but sometimes that's not feasible. A plan begins with letting the grandchildren know what behaviors will not be tolerated. Usually hitting and name-calling are on the no-go list. If cousins become embroiled in a quarrel but aren't hitting or calling names, you may want to let them have a go at settling it themselves. If you see signs that the conflict is escalating rather than winding down, it may be time to step in. Listen to both sides, but don't try to decide who started it and don't assign blame. Just try to get them past their disagreement. You may want to distract them with a different activity.
For more intractable cases, separating the cousins can be an effective strategy. They really do want to play with each other, in spite of their quarrels, and sometimes will quickly get over their irritation if they are facing the prospect of having to play alone. The other strategy that works even better is humor. If you can somehow get the cousins laughing, they will be back in a good mood with each other in a jiffy. Bribery is also a possibility. Other grandparents may take the high road, but if I am going to be dealing with two grandchildren with a history of rivalry, I may promise them an outing or a reward if they keep fighting to a minimum. Of course, you have to stick to your guns. Don't dispense the reward if they have been truly horrid.
It goes without saying that kids will get along better if they are well-rested and well-fed. It also goes without saying that they don't always sleep and eat well at their grandparents' houses because they are out of their usual environment. Again, just do the best you can.