Grandparents may receive visitation rights if the child's parents have divorced or separated, if a parent is deceased, or if the child was born out of wedlock but paternity has been established. Establishment of paternity is not required for visitation by the maternal grandparents. The best interests of the child must be considered, but no factors are given by statute for determining best interest. Several cases have addressed the issue, notably Blixt v. Blixt
, Guardianship of Norman
, and Sher v. Desmond
. Adoption ends grandparents rights unless the adopting party is a stepparent. See Massachusetts statute
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